Work is under going to bring Corti, an AI system into everyday healthcare. The AI detects heart attacks during emergency phone calls, and it could be coming to some of the biggest cities across Europe soon. Following plans announced earlier in the year, Corti is to be roled out by the European Emergency Number Association (EENA), whose members include London, Paris, Milan and Munich, delivering AI powered assistance to emergency 112 operators. In initial trials, this assistance was found to identify cardiac arrest event quicker than human operators.
There are also countries further afield who are interested in bringing Corti into their healthcare industries. Emergency call centers from Seattle to Singapore want to make Corti a part of their operations, but there's no global standard for organization working to save lives. Some are fine with the idea of deploying the AI through the cloud, whilst others will require the AI system to operate from on-premise servers in light of privacy concerns.
To serve a variety of needs as well as making it easier to get Corti up and running in more places, the company producing the hardware device to deploy its AI on the edge. But it wasn't enough to make yet another "black box" AI system so says Yuan Nielson, Corti chief product officer.
Instead, Nielsen said Corti set out to give emergency operators something beautiful to look at, and so the company then designed The Orb, a white light-emitting device with a powder coated finish.
“It took us several months to design this orb to the last millimeter to make something small, cute, and organic with the right amount of light and ambiance."
The Orb was rolled out for emergency operators in Copenhagen in August, this will be extended to a trial in locations in major European cities as well as Seattle next. The device is roughly the size of a Google Home speaker and similarly reminiscent of an air freshener. It runs on Nvidia's TX2 module atop the Nvidia 140 carrier board and was created by Nielsen, together with Danish lamp designer Tom Rossau, whose work sometimes looks more like a sculpture than a light. The two companies began to work together after Nielsen visited his shop to get a lamp repaired.
Computing power for Corti's AI limits it's ability to deliver updates to it's model and the number of language models that can be incorporated. However, it also means Corti's AI can continue to function if any interruption to internet connections should happen.
Real AI for good
Amid all the talk surrounding AI, combating cardiac arrest is not one that commonly comes up, yet, it is the biggest killer. Detection of heart attacks is easily one of the ways AI should be used today. Cardiac arrest currently claims hundreds of thousands of lives per year around the globe.
Analysis of emergency calls involving cardiac arrest in Copenhagen in 2014 show's Corti's analysis of thousands of calls was 30 seconds faster than human operators with an accuracy rate of 93% compared to just 73% for the human operators. With cardiac arrests, every minute really does count.
According to the American Heart Association, every minute leads to a 7 to 10 percent decline in survival rates, about 2 to 11 of those who suffer heart attacks survive.
Corti Expands Beyonds Heart Attacks
While Corti is beginning its expansion beyond analysis of calls in Copenhagen, it is also expanding far beyond heart attack identification. Under development today is AI to detect drug overdoses, illnesses related to heart disease, and stokes in order to better support healthcare services and operators.
As with Corti's heart attack detector, a user interface displays instruction for the emergency operator to give the caller to help them assess the treatment that is need while emergency services are on their way. Corti is also interested in further exploring AI which analyzes the pitch and tone of voices to determine their ailment.
Corti is also interested in further exploring AI that analyzes the sound of people’s voices to determine their ailment. Development of additional software products is also underway to give emergency operations the ability to filer calls by events and give the dispatched medics the ability to flag calls for review or annotate the calls. The team is working on tech to filter out background noise and phone connection issues to focus on the sound of the callers voice.
In the roadmap for Corti is also the inclusion of being able to explain to emergency operators why it arrived at a certain conclusion.
Corti's work in combating deaths from cardiac arrest is a series of AI-driven startups marshalling their efforts to combat cardiovascular disease. Artery's are partnering with General Electric Healthcare to model blood flow through the heart with a robot named Mabu teaming up with the American Heart Association to better serve quality healthcare patients with congenital heart disease.